Ancient Greece (Collins Gem)
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From theatre to politics, no other single civilisation has influenced the Western world more profoundly than that of ancient Greece.
From the roots of democracy to philosophy and mathematics, it’s fascinating to learn how much western civilisation has stemmed from that of ancient Greece. This book offers an introduction to the lives of the ancient Greeks, their mythologies and traditions and their culture and learning.
With colour illustrations supporting a clear, informative and engaging text, this guide is a perfect companion for both adults and children alike.
• Geography – map of Greece
• History – the different civilizations from the Minoans through to the Hellenistic period
• Religion – gods, festivals, oracles and muses
• Mythology – Homer's Odyssey, the Minotaur, Icarus
• Daily life in Ancient Greece – everyday life for all levels of society; the jobs, family life, leisure activities
• Politics – democracy and the Athenian council
• Learning and knowledge – philosophy, science,
mathematics, medicine and literature
• War – important wars; the army and navy
• Greece Today – temples, archaeology and the monuments that can still be seen today
males were permitted to participate. SPORT The ancient Greeks believed that daily exercise was important and that a healthy body contributed to a healthy mind. Sport was popular throughout ancient Greece, especially in Sparta, where athletics was considered an important feature of military training. Children who were suspected of not trying hard enough were likely to be beaten by their teachers. SPORTING FESTIVALS Sporting festivals that were mounted in honour of the gods were held locally on
such natural phenomena as thunder and lightning and instead turned to reason and scientific observation for explanations. Later philosophers similarly discussed the workings of the universe, but also considered such issues as human behaviour and how society should be governed for the greater good. SYMPOSIA The ancient Greek philosophers often developed and explained their ideas in conversation with other scholars and thinkers. Some founded schools where such discussion could take place between
possible for the first time. The high prows of the Minoan galleys helped the ships cut through the water, while a large oar, which was used as a rudder, allowed them to be steered more accurately. Sail and oar power The warships of the time combined sail and oar power. A flute-player played tunes to maintain a steady rhythm among the oarsmen. The largest and fastest warships were the triremes, which first appeared in the sixth century BC and carried up to 170 oarsmen who were mounted in three
peoples and events of the Hellenistic era. It is evident from the diversity of these studies that ancient Greece was not a single unified culture but a civilization based on a combination of cultures with regional variations. WHAT YOU CAN SEE TODAY The impressive physical remains of ancient Greek civilization may still be seen at several important sites throughout Greece and its colonies. The most famous is unquestionably the Acropolis in Athens, which is still crowned by the ruins of the
Proteus 80 Pythagoras 40, 202, 203 Rhodes 21, 46 Romans 19, 27, 46, 47, 192, 198, 238, 239 Satyrs 84, 175 Science 157, 195–203, 239 Sculpture 162–163 Selene 80 Ships 18, 126, 216–217 Sirens 91 Slavery 111–112 Socrates 43, 133, 190, 191–192, 194, 238 Sophocles 43, 44, 182, 183 Sparta 21–24, 25, 39, 41, 42, 43, 45, 52, 60, 113, 127, 129, 131, 146, 194, 210, 218, 221–222 Sphynx 91 Sport 146–149 Stoics 192 Syracuse 24, 43, 198 Temples 101–102, 158 Thales 40, 187, 197, 203 Theatre