Five Gentlemen of Japan The Portrait of a Nations Character

Five Gentlemen of Japan The Portrait of a Nations Character

Language: English

Pages: 373


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


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of the subject population of farmers and townsmen. As soon as he had thought this out, Hideyoshi acted to ban Christianity. Ieyasu later followed Hideyoshi's lead. Both men's motives are best explained in a passage in the letter which Hideyoshi sent to the Portuguese Viceroy of the Indies in 1591 : " In regard to religion, Japan is the realm of its native gods-the Kami, that is to say of Shin[to], which is the origin of all things; the good order of the government which has been established here

Assembly, all of them wearing the Seiyukai party emblem in their lapels, came out to discuss matters. They promised that they would do everything in . their power to uphold the rights of the farmers in Shimoyoshida. Sanada wanted them to put the promises in writing, but the others were content with a verbal agreement. The project went through, but Shimoyoshida's water supply was not interfered with. "In the long run," Sanada concluded, "it turned out to be a victory for us." ***** Sanada's

Kurusu continued negotiations in Washington for a peaceful settlement in Asia, the Cabinet and the General Staff chiefs had a meeting to discuss war plans, in case the negotiations with the United States failed. Hirohito presided. There was a deep conflict between the military and civilian members. The military men virtually set a date for an attack against the United States. The civilians protested that the diplomatic ways of settling differences were being ignored. The Emperor sided with the

Navy- the story of a new sailor vai!lly trying to find a ship. Reporting in to the navy base at Takao, in southern Formosa, he found out that the entire Combined Fleet, including the ship to which he had been assigned, had been disastrously beaten at the Battle of Leyte Gulf two months before. The Sho Operation, code name for the Japanese Navy's ali-or-nothing attempt to arrest the American landings on Leyte, had ended in failure, after narrowly missing a considerable victory. Ensign Yamazaki was

for the sound of weeping. On the following day, the Japanese government transmitted its acceptance of the Potsdam surrender terms to the Allies. There was at the last an effort by younger army officers to forestall surrender. But their attempt to take over the Imperial Palace was quickly frustrated. To disseminate the news of surrender to his people, Hirohito recorded a broadcast speech shortly before midnight, on the eve of the formal surrender. General Anami committed suicide the next day. * *

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