Jews and the Civil War: A Reader
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At least 8,000 Jewish soldiers fought for the Union and Confederacy during the Civil War. A few served together in Jewish companies while most fought alongside Christian comrades. Yet even as they stood “shoulder-to-shoulder” on the front lines, they encountered unique challenges.
In Jews and the Civil War, Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam Mendelsohn assemble for the first time the foremost scholarship on Jews and the Civil War, little known even to specialists in the field. These accessible and far-ranging essays from top scholars are grouped into seven thematic sections—Jews and Slavery, Jews and Abolition, Rabbis and the March to War, Jewish Soldiers during the Civil War, The Home Front, Jews as a Class, and Aftermath—each with an introduction by the editors. Together they reappraise the impact of the war on Jews in the North and the South, offering a rich and fascinating portrait of the experience of Jewish soldiers and civilians from the home front to the battle front.
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silent, but now that he had mounted the first rung of the ladder to success, he felt like crowing—just a little—to the folks at home. He had been promised a captaincy, and he set out to earn it; he was proud of what he had accomplished. Just a few months back he was a struggling peddler barely making both ends meet; when he had peddled around Carbondale no one wanted to know him; now he was on special duty as a recruiting officer with headquarters in Scranton, in the same neighborhood, and the
religious positions and positions on slavery, 158, 183, 356 Einhorn on, 188 individualization of, 281 religious cleansing of Europe’s Atlantic littoral, 54, 55–56 “Religion of the Lost Cause,” 386 Reminiscences of Charleston (Cardozo), 110 Reminiscences (Wise), 123 Republican Party: 1860 presidential campaign, 136 Free Soil movement, 164 General Order No. 11, 376–377 Jews and, 377, 386, 402 Jews and, German, 28 Mordecai and, Alfred, 205 Wise and, 158, 164, 175, 349n6 Rhodes, John
394, 395 merchants, 388, 392 peddlers, 390–392 specialty stores, 396 staple agriculture, 395 successful Jews, 396–397 tobacco farming, 394 wholesale houses, 396 South Mountain, Battle of, 242 South Sea Company, 65, 84n37 Southern Woman’s Diary (Pember), 31 Soutro, Max, 189–190 Special Order No. 150, 272, 274 Spiegel, Marcus M., 356 Spitz, Hyman, 190–191 Spotsylvania Court House, Battle of, 30, 243 spying: by Benjamin, Judah P., 38, 235–237 by Boyd, 237 by Greenhow, 270 by
dominated the European-sponsored enterprises. Chronologically, the trade as a whole is generally broken down into three phases. Each succeeding phase of the slave trade was numerically larger than its predecessor. In the century and a half of the first phase (1500– 1640), 788, 000 Africans were embarked on the “Middle Passage,” or about 5, 600 per year. During the course of the second phase (1640–1700), 817, 000 left Africa, or about 13, 600 per year. In the final phase, between 1700 and British
small stream of New Christians had already moved northward from Iberia, settling (either as Christians or as Jews) along a string of Atlantic and North Sea ports from southern France to northwestern Germany (and, eventually, England).20 Before full-scale Dutch entry, Jewish Sephardim residing in Amsterdam used their comparative advantage in Iberian contacts to begin the first African slaving voyages conducted by professing Jews. Before the founding of the Dutch West India Company, Amsterdam