Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New American Nation Series)

Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New American Nation Series)

Eric Foner

Language: English

Pages: 736

ISBN: 0060158514

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


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Trumbull told the Senate that Congress possessed the authority to “enter these States and hurl from power the disloyal element which controls and governs them,” an important announcement that moderates were now prepared to overturn the Johnson governments. In January 1867, the bill enfranchising blacks in the District of Columbia became law over the President’s veto. (A month later, the city held an election and, for the first time in living memory, Democrats chose not to parade with banners “in

The revolution has begun, and time alone must decide where it is to end.47 Emancipation further transformed the black response to American nationality, dealing the death blow, at least for this generation, to ideas of emigration. Symbolic, perhaps, was the fact that Martin R. Delany, the “father of black nationalism” and an advocate during the 1850s of emigration, recruited blacks for the Union Army and then joined himself. “I am proud to be an American citizen,” declared black abolitionist

Papers, MHS. 61. Cox, Lincoln, 18–19; Schafer, ed., Intimate Letters of Schurz, 315; “George W.Julian’s Journal—The Assassination of Lincoln” IndMH, 11 (December 1915), 327; Edward Atkinson to John Murray Forbes, February 1, 1865, Atkinson Papers. 62. Cornelius Cole, Memoirs of Cornelius Cole (New York, 1908), 220; Belz, New Birth of Freedom, 25–30, 118–25, 160; Burke A. Hinsdale, ed., The Works of James Abram Garfield (Boston, 1882–83), 1:86; Hyman and Wiecek, Equal Justice Under Law, 276–78;

Massachusetts, 1848–1876 (Chapel Hill, 1984), 75; Sarah F. Hughes, ed., Letters (Supplementary) of John Murray Forbes (Boston, 1905), 3:25–26, 43–44; Mark Howard to Mrs. Howard, July 12, 1865, Mark Howard Papers, Connecticut Historical Society; E. B. Crocker to Cornelius Cole, April 12, 1865, Leland Stanford to Cole, February 9, 1867, Cornelius Cole Papers, University of California, Los Angeles; Collis P. Huntington to Andrew Johnson, February 27, 1866, Andrew Johnson Papers, LC. 13. Horace

Hair, Bourbonism and Agrarian Protest: Louisiana Politics 1877–1900 (Baton Rouge, 1969), 46; JohnJ. Ragin to John H. King, April 20, 1868, John H. King Papers, USC; KKK Hearings, Florida, 95; William W. Buchanan to William W. Holden, November 30, 1868, North Carolina Governor’s Papers. 53. Carol R. Bleser, The Promised Land: The History of the South Carolina Land Commission, 1869–1890 (Columbia, S.C., 1969); Elizabeth Bethel, Promiseland: A Century of Life in a Negro Community (Philadelphia,

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