United States History: 1500 to 1789: From Colony to Republic (Essentials)
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REA’s Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals.
United States History: 1500 to 1789 reviews the European age of exploration, the beginnings of colonization, the colonial world, the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening, the French and Indian War, the Intolerable Acts, the War for Independence, the creation of new governments, and the United States Constitution.
persecution in their homeland. They found Pennsylvania especially attractive and there settled fairly close to the frontier, where land was more readily available. They eventually came to be called the “Pennsylvania Dutch.” The Scots-Irish, Scottish Presbyterians who had been living in northern Ireland for several generations, left their homes because of high rent and economic depression. In America they settled even farther west than the Germans, on or beyond the frontier in the Appalachians.
the Townshend Acts violated the principle of no taxation without representation and that if Parliament could suspend the New York legislature it could do the same to others. At the same time he urged a restrained response on the part of his fellow Americans. In February 1768 the Massachusetts legislature, at the urging of Samuel Adams, passed the Massachusetts Circular Letter, reiterating Dickinson’s mild arguments and urging other colonial legislatures to pass petitions calling on Parliament to
all political rights and the representative assembly – he did not believe in such things – but fifteen years later his son, Charles I, was forced, by constant pressure from the Virginians and the continuing need to attract more settlers, to restore these rights. 2.2 NEW FRANCE Shortly after England returned to the business of colonization, France renewed its interest in the areas previously visited by such French explorers as Jacques Cartier. The French opened with the Indians a lucrative
nobleman of shady past by the name of Nathaniel Bacon came to Virginia and failed to gain admittance to Berkeley’s inner circle with its financial advantages, he began to oppose Berkeley at every turn and came to head a faction of like-minded persons. In 1676 disagreement over Indian policy brought the matter to the point of armed conflict. Bacon and his men burned Jamestown, but then the whole matter came to an anticlimatic ending when Bacon died of dysentery. The British authorities, hearing
of the matter, sent ships, troops, and an investigating commission. Berkeley, who had had twenty-three of the rebels hanged in reprisal, was removed; and thenceforth Virginia’s royal governors had strict instructions to run the colony for the benefit of the mother country. In response, Virginia’s gentry, who had been divided over Bacon’s Rebellion, united to face this new threat to their local autonomy. By political means they consistently obstructed the governors’ efforts to increase royal